Some two-spirit societies past and present include: With over surviving Native American cultures, attitudes about sex and gender can be diverse. Women who functioned as men were called ininiikaazomeaning, 'one who endeavors to be like a man'. The French called these people berdaches. See Vowelp.
Unfortunately, depending on an oral tradition to impart our ways to future generations opened the floodgates for early non-Native explorers, missionaries, and anthropologists to write books describing Native peoples and therefore bolstering their own role as experts.
Male-bodied two spirit people, regardless of gender identification, can go to war and have access to male activities such as male-only sweat lodge ceremonies. Indian Country Today Media Network. University of Chicago Press Attraction to transgender people Kinsey scale Monosexuality Romantic orientation. Boy Scouts raise debate". The ikwekaazowag worked and dressed like women. The Conquest of Mexico Annotated Bibliography.
CBC NewsSeptember 11, Historically, the presence of male-bodied two-spirits "was a fundamental institution among most tribal peoples", according to Brian Gilley  and, according to non-Native anthropologist Will Roscoeboth male- and female-bodied two-spirits have been documented "in over North American tribes, in every region of the continent". Detransition Gender dysphoria In children Health care Pregnancy Sex reassignment surgery therapy to female to male. Online Readings in Psychology and Culture. Navaho Medicine Man and Sand Painter. Views Read Edit View history.